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بهترین های جهان - برندگان نوبل ادبیات 1951-1975


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برندگان نوبل ادبیات 1951-1975

نوشته شده توسط:نادر
جمعه 30 دی 1390-01:05 ق.ظ

۱۹۵۱–۱۹۷۵ [ویرایش]

سال برندگان نوبل ادبیات کشور[A] زبان برای
۱۹۵۱ Lagerkvist.jpg Pär Lagerkvist Sweden زبان سوئدی "for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind"[۵۲]
۱۹۵۲ François Mauriac (1932).jpg فرانسوا موریاک Flag of France.svg فرانسه زبان فرانسوی "for the deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his novels penetrated the drama of human life"[۵۳]
۱۹۵۳ Churchill portrait NYP 45063.jpg وینستون چرچیل Flag of the United Kingdom.svg بریتانیا زبان انگلیسی "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values"[۵۴]
۱۹۵۴ ErnestHemingway.jpg ارنست همینگوی Flag of the United States.svg ایالات متحده آمریکا زبان انگلیسی "for his mastery of the art of narrative، most recently demonstrated in پیرمرد و دریا، and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style"[۵۵]
۱۹۵۵ Laxness portrett einar hakonarson 1984.jpg Halldór Laxness ایسلند زبان ایسلندی "for his vivid epic power which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland"[۵۶]
۱۹۵۶ JRJimenez.JPG خوان رامون خیمه‌نز Spain زبان اسپانیایی "for his lyrical poetry، which in Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity"[۵۷]
۱۹۵۷ Albert Camus, gagnant de prix Nobel, portrait en buste, posé au bureau, faisant face à gauche, cigarette de tabagisme.jpg آلبر کامو Flag of France.svg فرانسه زبان فرانسوی "for his important literary production، which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times"[۵۸]
۱۹۵۸ Boris Pasternak cropped.jpg بوریس پاسترناک اتحاد جماهیر شوروی سوسیالیستی زبان روسی "for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition"[۵۹]
۱۹۵۹ Salvatore Quasimodo 1959.jpg Salvatore Quasimodo Flag of Italy.svg ایتالیا زبان ایتالیایی "for his lyrical poetry، which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times"[۶۰]
۱۹۶۰ Saint-John Perse 1960.jpg سن‌ژون پرس Flag of France.svg فرانسه زبان فرانسوی "for the soaring flight and the evocative imagery of his poetry which in a visionary fashion reflects the conditions of our time"[۶۱]
۱۹۶۱ Andric Ivo.jpg ایوو آندریچ یوگسلاوی زبان صربی کرواتی "for the epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country"[۶۲]
۱۹۶۲ JohnSteinbeck crop.JPG جان استاینبک Flag of the United States.svg ایالات متحده آمریکا زبان انگلیسی "for his realistic and imaginative writings، combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception"[۶۳]
۱۹۶۳ Giorgos Seferis 1963.jpg Giorgos Seferis یونان زبان یونانی "for his eminent lyrical writing، inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture"[۶۴]
۱۹۶۴ Jean-Paul Sartre FP.JPG ژان پل سارتر Flag of France.svg فرانسه زبان فرانسوی "for his work which، rich in ideas and filled with the spirit of freedom and the quest for truth، has exerted a far-reaching influence on our age"[۶۵]
۱۹۶۵ Sholokhov-1938.jpg میخائیل شولوخف Soviet Union زبان روسی "for the artistic power and integrity with which، in his epic of the Don، he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people"[۶۶]
۱۹۶۶ Agnon.jpg Shmuel Yosef Agnon اسرائیل زبان عبری "for his profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people"[۶۷]
Nelly Sachs 1966.jpg Nelly Sachs Sweden زبان آلمانی "for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing، which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength"[۶۷]
۱۹۶۷ MiguelAngelAsturias.JPG میگل آنخل آستوریاس گواتمالا زبان اسپانیایی "for his vivid literary achievement, deep-rooted in the national traits and traditions of Indian peoples of Latin America"[۶۸]
۱۹۶۸ یاسوناری کاواباتا ژاپن زبان ژاپنی "for his narrative mastery، which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the Japanese mind"[۶۹]
۱۹۶۹ Samuel Beckett 01.jpg ساموئل بکت Ireland زبان انگلیسی and زبان فرانسوی "for his writing، which - in new forms for the novel and drama - in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation"[۷۰]
۱۹۷۰ Solzhenicyn.jpg آلکساندر سولژنیتسین Soviet Union زبان روسی "for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature"[۷۱]
۱۹۷۱ Pablo Neruda.jpg پابلو نرودا Chile زبان اسپانیایی "for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent's destiny and dreams"[۷۲]
۱۹۷۲ Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F062164-0004, Bonn, Heinrich Böll.jpg هاینریش بل West Flag of Germany.svg آلمان زبان آلمانی "for his writing which through its combination of a broad perspective on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has contributed to a renewal of German literature"[۷۳]
۱۹۷۳ پاتریک وایت استرالیا زبان انگلیسی "for an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a new continent into literature"[۷۴]
۱۹۷۴ Eyvind.JPG ایویند جانسون Sweden زبان سوئدی "for a narrative art، farseeing in lands and ages، in the service of freedom"[۷۵]
Harry Martinson.jpg Harry Martinson Sweden زبان سوئدی "for writings that catch the dewdrop and reflect the cosmos"[۷۵]
۱۹۷۵ Eugenio Montale.jpg یوجنیو مونتاله Flag of Italy.svg ایتالیا زبان ایتالیایی "for his distinctive poetry which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no


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